Share a Smile

April 22nd is universally celebrated as Earth Day which primarily focuses to promote ecology and respect for life on our planet. As well as to encourage awareness of the growing problems of air, water and soil. Many people consider it to be the birth of modern environmental movement too.

The noble Earth has bestowed us with incredible and beautiful nature in the form of mountains, rivers, forests and various natural resources that helped human beings to survive and initiate our evolution. The growth in population, deforestation and pollution is causing serious harm to our environment. We consider ‘Earth’ as our mother nature, so what steps we should take to protect our planet or how we can lift the status of environmental issues?

There are some ways through which we can contribute our efforts in protecting our lovely planet:

a. We can do planting on our terrace to get fresh air.

b. Avoid cutting of trees which gives Fruits, minimize Greenhouse effect and provides Oxygen which is very essential for our breathing system.

c. Stop throwing garbage or unwanted articles on the roadside.

d. Use recyclable containers for snacks and lunches.

e. Save paper: Use both side of a page.

f. Always turn off incandescent bulbs when you leave a room.

f. Start using paper bags instead of plastic bags.

h. Share: Take what you’ve learned, and pass the knowledge to others. If every person you know could take one small step towards being greener, the effort could be phenomenal.

The ‘Mother Earth’ is calling us for her protection. It is about time that we should stand up and take steps to save our planet from the challenges which are threatening the existence of the earth. The natural balance of the world is shifting dangerously away from us and we should take care of our environment before it’s too late.

“Protect mother nature for our better future”


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Books- The perpetual learning

Books are considered to be the best friend of an avid reader. They are the store of knowledge and wisdom which makes our mind strong and broaden our outlook. Books enlighten, entertain and inform us about eternal facts.

What we do of “Old Books” once we read them entirely and get promoted to new class? We won’t read any of these books ever again, our collection also takes up too much space and we can’t stand the clutter. We don’t have the heart to throw the books away or selling it to the scrap purchasing people for midget profit. So to strike a balance between our love for books and dislike of clutter, we can make the ultimate use of it by donating them for the noble cause. It is always a good practice to share the privileges that the creator has bestowed upon us with the underprivileged. We should spread the joy our beloved books have brought us by donating them to worthy causes.

Charity is done for philanthropic or social reasons; you can donate old books to variety of places. Best of all, your unwanted pile of books can help others who enjoy reading as much as you do. The kids who are from poor home books are a luxury to them. Where we can donate our books:

A) Domestic violence shelters; for children who leave home without anything.

B) Local youth home/foster care program

C) Schools with lower income.

“Spread Education Gain Love”.

 


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Road Safety

Road accidents mostly happen as result of recklessness, carelessness, overconfidence and illiteracy among others, exhibited by drivers, not respecting road safety regulations, jumping the red light, wrong overtaking especially on the highways. Bigger truck drivers sometimes do not pay attention when other road users need to access their fair share of the road they have also contributed in building. Some buses are not even fit to be used to carry food stuffs, let alone human beings but they are being used each day to convey passengers from one end to another with impunity freely.
 
Again, most of the vehicles do not have workable speedometers but when they get unto the road, they speed without knowing what kilometers per hour the bus or vehicle is doing. What will be the result? Your guess is as good as mine. Overloading has become normal and acceptable to the extent that buses that should take about four passengers on a row now take six passengers instead. All these factors and more contribute to the many fatal accidents we witness on our roads daily.
 
Road safety is must to be paid proper attention by each and every person on the earth, whether using vehicles or not. Children and students are the most vulnerable group towards the road accidents, minor or major injuries and even death because of the lack of adult supervision. There should not be late in making children well aware about the road safety rules and measures in their early ages. It should be the duty of parents and teachers to teach them properly under their nice supervision.
 
Need of Road Safety Knowledge for Children:
According to the statistics, it is found that there are most of the road accidents cases in which children are involved, so they are at high risk than other age group people. They need road safety knowledge and education from their early ages. It should be started from their home and schools by adding this subject to their syllabus. Some points are mentioned below proving the fact that why road safety is so important for kids and children:
Children are children, no one can be sure about what they will do next at home or other crowded place especially road during traffic situation.
Children become completely innocent, they cannot judge the vehicles speed moving on the road.
Drivers also cannot recognize their mood to move on the road especially when they try to cross the road in front of the vehicle because of their small height.
They cannot judge how often vehicles can come on the empty road.
They can cross road from anywhere on the road because they have no idea about proper place to cross the road.
They become fearful soon and do not understand what they should do when they see vehicles coming to their direction.
 
Road Safety Rules for Children:
Following are some essential road safety rules play great role in protecting children from road accidents by making them responsible pedestrian on the road:
Parents should teach their children to be extra attentive and look everywhere (left and right) before crossing the road street.
Children should always cross the roads by holding hands of their elders or friends.
They should never run on the roads, should not be in hurry or leaving parents hand and be calm.
They need to be more cautious on the road without getting distracted by anything.
They should be practiced by their parents to follow sidewalks only or always use left side on the roads where sidewalks are unavailable.
They should be taught to only cross the roads at crossroads after seeing traffic signals for pedestrians.
They must be aware of the meaning of colours (red means stop, green means go and yellow means also stop), traffic light basics and importance of traffic signs on the roads.
They should use rear side of the passenger seat while getting out of a car or bus.
Children should be taught to not to play on the roads or other places out of playing zone.
They should wear helmet and use all the measures while riding bicycle on the roads by ensuring proper functioning of brakes, horns and steering.
They should not use earphone or other music listening instruments while riding bicycle on the road.
Parents may teach their children in better way by wearing seat-belts while driving a car or helmet while driving a bike anytime. Parents should follow all the road safety rules and road traffic rules while driving vehicle to establish good examples in front of their children as they are first example in the lives of their kids.
 
Conclusion:
Road safety is very important for people of all age group to be safe and secure as well as reduce the number of road accidents and injury cases. So, everyone should strictly follow all the rules, regulations and signs of road traffic lights. Children should be well practiced from the end of their parents at home and get proper study by the teacher in the school.
 

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Punctuality

Punctuality is considered to be the noblest of virtues. It is the mark of civilized and cultured people. It is the habit of doing things in correct time. ‘A stitch in time saves nine’, so says an English proverb. Doing things in time, thus, saves us from unnecessary troubles. That is exactly what punctuality is all about.
Let us look at nature. The sun rises at a particular time every-day with slight variation. Rain falls in a regular pattern every year. All the seasons punctually emerge every year. The flowers bloom in spring and the earth wears green apparel during the spring season. In this way, the moon and the stars appear at a particular time. The seasons change according to a set time-table. Thus, everything in nature appears at a proper time. Thus, nature teaches us to be punctual. If we follow the course of nature, we will keep fit, healthy and strong. No school, college or institution can function if punctuality is not observed there. Thus, punctuality is an important ingredient of all successful people.
Advantages of punctuality:
People have a great regard for a punctual man.
He is always successful in his work.
He commands a moral right over others. Other people will feel glad that you value the importance of their time.
You can avoid a lot of stress if you attend your duties on time.
A punctual person inspires other people to be “on time”. In spite of all their engagements, people try to be punctual every time and everywhere.
How to be punctual?
Make a list of important tasks, schedule them, and set a reminder for each of them.
Try to reach 15-20 minutes early than the appointment. This will create a time-cushion.
Learn to prioritize important tasks.
Take a realistic view of the tasks that you can really perform with the pre-determined time.
Why Moral Values is important in our life as a student?
 
When most persons talk about a school curriculum, they think about math, science, social studies, and language courses. Seldom do I hear or read about moral values as being part of the curriculum. The problem is that the neglect of teaching moral values in schools is hurting our students and causing problems in society. If a person has never learned any moral values, how is she or he able to discern the difference between right and wrong? That is basically the essence of moral values education.
 
Get preparing for the future roles in society: Knowledge gained in school is only one goal of education. The primary goals of education should be enabling students to gain knowledge and moral values. 
 
There is too much violence and dishonesty in society: Every day student is exposed to violence, dishonesty, and other social problems in the media and the real world. How many times have we heard about school shootings? What about other times when students are caught cheating on exams? Then, too, we read about bullying in school and fights between gangs. If moral values were taught in schools, we would have fewer of these problems.
 
Counter bad influences in society: Unfortunately, many of the role models of young people are setting bad examples. These bad examples range from, degrading of women, advocacy of violence, and the condoning of dishonesty in order to succeed.
 
Moral values will stick with us for life: It is amazing the amount of math and science knowledge I have forgotten since my school days. I have not, however, forgotten moral value lessons learned in school. One of these moral lessons was learned while I was a varsity football player. Our team had just lost a tough game, because the referee had ruled we were stopped inches away from scoring a touchdown. When our school principal had heard many of my teammates complaining about how the officiating had caused us to lose the game, he came on the team bus after the game and said that in life the referee never beats you.
 
Top seven moral values:
 
Unconditional Love and Kindness: In most cases, if you love someone, he or she will love you back in return. This, however, is not the real meaning of love. Love should be unconditional. With more love in the world, kindness will follow and replace cruelty.
 
Honesty: Students must be taught that dishonesty and cheating is wrong, and will get you nowhere in the future. As a student, one is only hurting himself or herself by cheating, because this action will eventually catch up to you in the end with bad consequences.
 
Hard Work: When I was young, I learned that success was one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. Nowadays, so many students want to cheat and cut corners in their studies because they are lazy and don't place any value on hard word. This thinking must change.
 
Respect for others: Unfortunately, in our highly competitive dog eat dog society, many people will trod on others to get ahead in life. Respect for others should include respecting different religions, races, gender, ideas, and life styles.
 
Co-operation: To achieve a common goal, it is necessary for all people to work together. If this is not done, a few people may profit, but the end result for everyone will be a failure. I still believe in the motto, "united we stand and divided we fall."
 
Compassion: Compassion is defined as being sensitive to the needs of people. If there were more compassion in the world, there would be less homeless, hunger, wars, and unhappiness.
 
Forgiveness: God taught us to forgive our enemies or people who hurt us. Anger in most cases is caused by unwillingness to forgive. There would be less violence and fighting in school if students could learn this moral virtue.
 

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Environment:

Now days the word environment is often being used by almost all people around us, on television and in newspapers. Everyone is speaking about the protection and preservation of environment. Global summits are being held regularly to discuss environmental issues. During the last hundred years, the mutual relationship among environment, social organization and culture has been discussed in sociology, anthropology and geography. The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species. Climate, weather, and natural resources that affect human survival and economic activity. Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive civilized human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries.
Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from civilized human activity.
In contrast to the natural environment is the built environment. In such areas where man has fundamentally transformed landscapes such as urban settings and agricultural land conversion, the natural environment is greatly modified and diminished, with a much more simplified human environment largely replacing it. Even events which seem less extreme such as hydroelectric dam construction, or photovoltaic system construction in the desert, the natural environment is substantially altered. It is difficult to find absolutely natural environments, and it is common that the naturalness varies in a continuum, from ideally 100% natural in one extreme to 0% natural in the other. More precisely, we can consider the different aspects or components of an environment, and see that their degree of naturalness is not uniform. If, for instance, we take an agricultural field, and consider the mineralogical composition and the structure of its soil, we will find that whereas the first is quite similar to that of an undisturbed forest soil, the structure is quite different.
 
 
How to help save the environment
Change Your Daily Habits:
Switch off anything that uses electricity when not in use:  If you're not using it, turn it off. This goes for lights, televisions, computers, printers, and so on.
Put timers on lamps and use them to turn off lamps at the same time each day. Timers like these can be found in hardware stores and they can be plugged into outlets, then control the power to your lamp.
Unplug devices when possible: Leaving devices plugged in, such as laptop chargers or toasters, can use ‘phantom’ energy. Even when an appliance is turned off, it may still use power. It is best to unplug anything that you do not anticipate using in the next 36 hours.
Use a power strip to turn lots of things off with the flip of a single switch. You can plug all your devices in one area—say, your computer—into a power strip. When you're done, simply turn the power strip off with the switch.
Measure the energy your devices use or look up typical energy use. To measure usage yourself, use a Kill-a-Watt. You plug an appliance in through the Kill-A-Watt, and it measures the power use. This tool can also tell you whether a particular appliance or device draws power when it is turned off.
 
Trade in your dryer for a good old-fashioned clothesline. Air drying leaves your clothes smelling fresh and is environmentally friendly. Tumble dryers are among the biggest energy users in most households, after the refrigerator and air conditioner. If you do use a dryer, make sure to keep the vent clear, for safety as well as efficiency.
Run your air conditioner sparingly or not at all. Air conditioners use a great deal of electricity. Use natural ventilation or a fan to keep cool, as much as possible.
If you do use an air conditioner, set it to a slightly lower temperature than outside. Remember that setting the temperature lower uses more electricity and it won't cool things off any faster.
 
Close the heating and air conditioning vents in your home: If you are not using certain rooms in your house, close the vents in these rooms, and close the doors. Doing this consistently will reduce the amount of energy squandered by heating or cooling seldom occupied spaces.
Don't use electronic exercise machines: Instead of using exercise equipment, use a real bicycle (or a unicycle), or walk to get to nearby destinations or for pleasure. Calisthenics, push-ups, and other bodyweight exercises work, as well.
 
Use a warm blanket or sweater in winter: Bundle yourself up and lower your thermostat by a few degrees. Aim to set your thermostat at 68°F (20 °C) in the winter, perhaps even lower at night. Every degree above this will generate about 6-8% additional energy output.
Conserve water: The average family of four in the U.S. uses about 400 gallons (1,514 L) of water every day. Make conscious choices to lower your consumption of water.
 
Take shorter showers or fill the bathtub only one-quarter to one-third full.
Turn off the faucet while you brush your teeth.
Install low flow faucets (taps) or aerators, low-flow shower heads, and low-flush toilets.
Run your dishwasher only when it is completely full.
Wash full loads of laundry in a washing machine. Choose a front-load machine if possible.
If you hand wash your car, park it on your lawn and use buckets and sponges. Use the hose to rinse. Use a hose nozzle to stop the water or turn the hose off between rinses. Keep in mind, however, that the soap and other cleaning products might go down the storm drain (if you have one), leading to pollution.
If you have a swimming pool, use pool covers to reduce evaporation and keep leaves out.
Plant drought tolerant landscaping, and consider xeriscaping. Maintain your outdoor irrigation and water no more than is necessary.
Recycle all you can: If you have curbside recycling, use it. Be sure to separate your recycling into glass, metal, paper and so on.
 
Take special trips to a recycling center if you don’t have curbside recycling, or if you need to recycle certain materials not accepted by your recycling service.
 
Avoid using disposable items: Anything you use only a few times and throw away consumes resources only to spend centuries in a landfill.
Carry your own reusable cup or water bottle, eating utensils, and cloth shopping bags with you. Pack a waste-free lunch.
Use rechargeable batteries instead of disposable batteries. Batteries not only take up landfill space, as they can't be incinerated. They also can leak acid into the Earth.
Dispose properly of hazardous waste. Many materials, including batteries, fluorescent light bulbs, e-waste (most anything with batteries or a plug), cleaning products, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, automotive fluids, and paint, should never be disposed of in a landfill, sanitary sewer, or storm sewer. Instead, contact your city for proper disposal opportunities.
Use only as much toilet paper as you need: Do not unwind a mile of it for one little wipe. Be reasonable. Go easy on the paper towels, too, and use a washable cloth or sponge for most of your kitchen cleanup.
For the paper products you do use, look for products made from 80-100% recycled paper, preferably with a high post-consumer content.
For most household cleaning, look for reusable terry cleaning cloths. They are inexpensive, especially when bought in bulk, and can be washed and reused hundreds of times.
Stop your junk mail from coming: If you get several catalogs which you do not need, call and ask them to stop sending them to you.
    Sign up at Opt Out Prescreen’s website (https://www.optoutprescreen.com) to stop unwanted credit card solicitations for either 5 years or permanently.
 
Be a mindful consumer:  Ask yourself how your purchases are impacting other people and the natural environment.
 
Do not buy what you do not need. Besides saving money, you'll save resources if you don't purchase a lot of excess stuff.
Buy for durability. For items you do buy, look for things which will last a lifetime. Search "buy it for life" to find forums and recommendations for durable products.
Buy used. Reuse is a far higher purpose for used goods than the landfill, plus you'll save money.
 
Change Your Eating Habits
Eat less meat and dairy:  Meat and dairy production is highly resource-intensive and inefficient. Attempting vegetarianism or veganism is definitely one of the best things you can do for the environment and also for your health.
Meatless Monday is a national non-profit public health campaign that encourages people to give up meat one day a week. 
Do not drink coffee from K-cups: K-cups, or the mini pods of ground coffee for Keurig coffee makers, are single use and typically thrown out (although they can be recycled if users disassemble them into paper, plastic, and metal). Billions of mini cups of ground coffee were sold in 2014, and the number of cups that ended up in landfills could circle the earth 12 times. Brew coffee in a regular coffee pot or French press instead.
Use a mug or other reusable cup for your coffee instead of a disposable cup.
If you love the convenience of single-serve coffee and have already invested in a Keurig machine, look for a washable, refillable cup. You will still save money and resources, compared to purchasing the individual cups.
Buy local food: Transporting food from far-off locations takes a toll on the environment, as it must be shipped in trucks, by rail or by ship, all of which produce pollutants. Buying food that is sourced locally will help eliminate or reduce transportation impacts.
Visit farmers markets to find local vegetables and fruits or use a CSA (community-supported agriculture) service to get fresh produce on a regular basis.
Avoid excess packaging: Oftentimes, food companies expend just as much energy creating the packaging for food products as is expended in producing the actual food. Try not to buy food that is individually wrapped or buy in bulk.
Do not waste food: Plan your meals so that you don’t cook more than you will eat. Store your leftovers and use them up at your next meal. If you do have an overrun of food, such as after a party, share it with friends.
Use reusable bottles for water: Most tap water in developed countries is safe to drink, which means that buying bottled water is unnecessary. Buy a glass or metal bottle and fill it with water.
Request a water quality report from your city if you are concerned about the quality of the water.
A water filter is generally unnecessary, but even a simple one can improve the taste. Remember, however, that water softeners and reverse osmosis systems waste a lot more water than they deliver.
Fill a pitcher with tap water and chill it in your refrigerator.
If your tap water has a whitish, cloudy appearance when first poured, it may just be air bubbles. Try pouring some into a glass or bottle, and look again in a minute or two, to see if they rise out.
Change Your Transportation Habits
Walk or bike for local trips: Walk or ride a bicycle when your destination is close to home. Short trips are generally the hardest on your car and on the environment, so swap out your car for your feet or bike.
Always wear a helmet and safety reflective gear when riding a bicycle. You can also buy pannier racks, a bike trailer, or a sturdy basket to hold items during your ride.
Organize a carpool for work or school: Coordinate with another person or two to carpool to work or work with other parents in the neighborhood to carpool kids to school.
Carpooling will also enable you to take the High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane on a highway. This lane will usually save time and money on gasoline.
If you live near your children's school, consider organizing a "walking school bus" instead of driving. Children walk to school together in groups, supervised and guided by parents. Neighbourhood parents can take turns leading the group.
Take mass transit: If you live in an area that has a bus, light rail, or subway system, consider taking this option to get to work, school or other destinations. Reducing car trips in favour of mass transit trips reduces congestion on roads and reduces the amount of gasoline that is used.
Many bus systems in major cities operate diesel-electric hybrid buses, which further reduces harmful emissions.
Plan out your errands and combine trips: Make errand trips more efficient by planning out where you will go and hitting all your stops in one trip. Group outings into fewer, longer trips, and plan them out so that you’re not driving the same path multiple times.
Don't forget to call ahead or check online, to make sure you'll arrive during business hours and that what you want is available. Make appointments and purchases online or by phone, too.
Telecommute or work from home:  If your job permits you to do so. One day per week reduces your commute transportation by 20%.
Drive a hybrid car: If you have been looking for a new vehicle, consider buying a hybrid car. These kinds of cars, which run on both gasoline and electric motors, are rapidly becoming more popular and available in different models. They not only give off less emissions into the air, but they also can save you money with fewer trips to the gas station.
Live near work, school, and other frequent destinations: If possible otherwise, try to live near transit or bicycle routes. If you are choosing a residence, consider transportation options as part of the process.
Adapting Your Home
Install skylights and solar tubes: Skylights and solar tubes are installed in your ceiling and are designed to let in more light. This will reduce the electricity you need to light your house. Some types can even convert sunlight into electricity.
Switch to compact fluorescent or LED light bulbs: Compact fluorescent or LED light bulbs do cost more, but they also last longer than conventional light bulbs. They also use only one-quarter of the energy. Start with the lights you leave on the most.
Seal all air infiltration points and leaks:  Locate places where air can seep into or out of your house. These might be around doors and windows, around flues and chimneys, around recessed lights, among other places. Use caulking for thin gaps, and insulation or polyurethane foam for larger gaps.
Repair leaks in your basement by first removing the insulation and sealing leaks. Use caulk or sheetrock mud to do so. Take care when you replace the insulation to ensure that it is not compressed and fully covers the space between the joists. Sealing all points of air leakage will also cut down on the number of insects and rodents entering your house.
Seal around light switches and power outlets, especially on outer walls. Turn off the power at the breaker box and test to ensure that the circuit is not live, then remove the covers and spray a low expansion polyurethane foam into the spaces on the outside of the junction box.
Check exterior door and window gaskets to ensure that they are sealing properly. If you feel a draft on cold, windy days, they need to be adjusted or replaced.
A smoke pen or a stick of incense can show you where your home leaks.
 
Install insulation in your attic and exterior walls: A good layer of insulation can be a relatively low-cost way to improve both the comfort and efficiency of your home.
Check for leaks: If your faucets drip, get them fixed, or, if you can't fix it right away, at least put a container under the dripping faucet and use the water elsewhere, such as in your garden to water plants.
To check your toilets, put a few drops of food coloring in the tank, not the bowl. Wait about ten minutes without flushing. If you see the dye in the toilet bowl, repair your toilet.
Install window treatments that maximize energy conservation:  Choose curtains or blinds that keep your house cool in summer and warm in winter. For example, heavy curtains in a colder climate will help keep warm air in at night.
If you are in a hot climate, such as in India, consider tinting your windows or installing a reflective coating. This will redirect heat away from your house. Talk with local contractors to find out what options make sense for your situation. Tinting the windows which receive direct sun will also protect your fabric colours from fading so quickly.
Plant barrier trees to protect your house from wind and sun: Deciduous trees provide shade in the summer, yet allow warming rays to enter your house during the colder months. Evergreens provide a wind break from prevailing winds.
Be sure to consider the future growth of any plantings and plant far enough from your house that the root systems will not disrupt your foundation.
Maintain your appliances, and choose energy-efficient appliances if you are purchasing new ones:
Clean the coils on your refrigerator about once a year.
Clean the vent on your clothes dryer about once a year. Clean the lint filter each time you use the dryer.
Install low-flow toilets: A low-flow toilet can save many gallons of water per year, both preserving the environment and lowering your water bill.
You can also try putting a bottle of water in the tank of your current toilet. The space the bottle takes up will save that much water each flush, yet allow the toilet to keep functioning properly. (Don't use a brick for this purpose, because bricks can disintegrate.)
Try lowering the water level in your toilet tank. Many toilets have an adjustment to lower the float controlling the fill valve.
Install solar panels on your roof: Solar panels convert sunlight to electricity and are dropping in price (some estimates put solar panel installation at about $10,000). A home utility bill can drop by 20% with the use of converted solar energy.
 
Keep in mind that there is concern, however, about the negative environmental impact of the manufacturing of solar panels. Solar panel manufacturing can result in chemical toxicity and lack of recycling, among other issues.
 
Adapting Your Yard: Plant a garden. Create a garden plot with vegetables, fruits, and/or herbs.
Try to implement techniques so that your garden does not require fertilizers or excessive watering. For example, adding mulch to your garden will seal in water and make the soil moister.
Include plants that produce your favourite fruits and vegetables so you won’t need to buy these at the store.
Use rain barrels or other containers to gather rainwater. Use this water on plants in your garden.
Make your yard-friendly to wildlife: Modern developments encroach upon natural habitats and pose risks to wildlife. Take some steps to make your yard friendlier to wildlife.
Plant many different types of vegetation. Various creatures will visit your yard if you provide them with reason to be there. When you have many different types of vegetation, you’ll attract different types of animals.
Create a frog pond in your back yard. Frog populations are dwindling because their breeding areas are disappearing. If you create a habitat for them in your back yard, they may breed there
Avoid pesticides, herbicides, and man-made chemical fertilizers: Pesticides kill hundreds of birds and other animals per year. If you have unwanted weeds, pull or hoe them out yourself, clip them down, or plant a ground cover in their place.
Check out perma culture, integrative pest management, poly-cropping, and other techniques to reduce or eliminate the need for chemical pesticides and fertilizer.
If you do apply chemical fertilizer, apply no more than is really necessary. Ensure that excess fertilizer is not washed into storm drains or waterways.
Plant a tree:  Add a tree to your yard. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen, and they also improve area water quality and help make the ground more fertile for other plants.
Deciduous trees carefully located near your home can also help keep your home warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
If you plant a fruit tree, you will have the added benefit of being able to harvest your own fruit instead of needing to buy it at a store.
Make a compost area: Designate an area in your yard to put your yard waste, fruit peels, and uneaten food. Find some worms that can break the waste down and produce a very rich soil that works great with your landscaping. Keep your compost heap as far from all water sources as possible.
Use a rake instead of a leaf blower: Ditch your noisy electric- or gas-powered leaf blower and use a rake to gather up leaves or other debris in your yard.
Similarly, use a broom instead of a hose to clean dirt from a paved area.
 

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Duty towards my country

Duty of any person of the country in his/her any age group is a must to do responsibility of that person towards his/her country. There is no any particular time which will call anyone to perform the duty towards country however it is the birth rights of every Indian citizen to understand and perform all the duties towards their country as daily routine or whenever required according to the type of duty. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, has said to discuss this topic in the schools, colleges and other places at the Republic Day celebration of India 2016. We have provided here variety of essays on my Duty towards my Country in order to help students. All the Duty towards my Country essay is written using simple English language especially for the students. They can select anyone according to the need and requirement; we can say that duty is a moral and legal responsibility of a person which he/she must have to perform towards country. It is a task or action needed to be performed as a job by each and every citizen of the country. Performing duties towards the nation is the respect of a citizen towards his/her nation. Everyone must follow all the rules and regulation as well as be courteous and loyal for responsibilities towards the nation. There are various duties of a person towards nation such as economical growth, development, cleanliness, good governance, quality education, removing poverty, removing all the social issues, bring gender equality, have respect to everyone, go for voting, remove child labour to give healthy youths to the nation and many more.
 
Role of Student: The role of students in developing a country is huge. We cannot expect a country to develop if it does not have literate people. These students who are studying would be working tomorrow. They would be working for the public, private sector etc. These students would be the pillars on which the country would be standing on.
The role of the students is like building blocks of nation and if they are left unnoticed might cause long term major problems for that country So do not underestimate a student today and a student would not let you underestimated in future. 
The students of today are the future citizens of India. They are the architects of free and modern India.
On the shoulders of the students, a great responsibility lies for building the country.
In good old days, India had its own glory. The culture and civilization of India was well know and well recognized. India enjoyed an evitable position in the world.
Students in a developing country can and should work for social and national progress.
Firstly, students in schools, colleges and universities can educate the uneducated people. They can engage in a universal education program which may be arranged or sponsored by the government, businessmen and landlords.
Secondly, both male and female students can serve their country by getting militarily trained. A developing country cannot afford to have a very huge standing army.
Thirdly, Students can take part in social welfare activities for general social progress. A wing of social welfare department may advise the different categories of students about the work they can perform in their respective fields.
Fourthly, the senior students can insist the law – enforcing agencies in their work. For example, they can make reports to price – controlling agencies about the high prices charged by shopkeepers.
And finally, it is the need of the hour for government, social organization and students to work ion close co-operation for the advancement of the country.
Duties of Citizens towards Country: Following are the responsibilities of Indian citizens at their different positions:
Parents: Parents are highly responsible for their country as they are the main source of giving good or bad leaders to the country. They are considered as the first basic school for their kids so they should be attentive all time as they are responsible to nourish the future of the country. Because of some parents (whether poor or rich), our country is still having poverty, gender inequality, child labour, bad social or political leaders, female infanticide, and thus poor future of the country. All the parents should understand their duties towards country and must send their kids to the school (whether boy or girl) for proper education, take care of the health, hygiene and moral development of their kids, teach good habits and etiquettes, and teach them their responsibilities towards country.
 
Teacher: Teachers are the secondary source of giving their country a nice future by making their students as good and successful citizens of country in the future. They should understand their duties towards country and never show difference among their students (rich and poor, genius and average students, etc.). They should teach all their students in equal manner in order to give good leaders and bright future to the country.
 
Doctor: A doctor is considered as God for the patients as he/she gives new life to them. Because of some greedy doctors, high technique treatments are not available within the country. They are very costly to which poor or even middle class people cannot afford. Some government doctors do not perform their duties well in the hospital and open their personal clinics at many places to earn more money. They should understand their responsibility of making available all the costly treatments at affordable cost within the country. They should not go abroad after higher study however, work in their own country for better development.
Engineer: Engineers are highly responsible for the infrastructure development in the country. They should positively use their knowledge and professional skills in right direction to develop their country. They should not involve in corruption and be loyal to their duties.
 
Politician: The status of the country depends on its politician. A politician plays various great roles in the development of country whereas a corrupt politician can destroy the country. So, a politician must understand and perform his/her duties towards country.
 
Policemen: Police is allotted at various places in the city, state and national level in order to maintain security, peace and harmony all over the country. They are the hope of people, so they should be loyal towards people as well as country.
 
Businessmen: The duty of a businessman towards his country is to create more employment in the country and not in abroad in order to improve economy as well as reduce poverty in the country. He should not involve in the corruption and smuggling.
 
Sportsperson: Sportsperson should play their games and sports loyally in their own country and should not involve in any type of corruption or match fixing as they are role model to many growing youths of the country.
 
Common Citizen (Aam Adami): Common citizens are highly responsible in various ways to their country. They should understand their loyal duties and chose a good leader to lead their country in right direction. They should make their home and surrounding areas neat and clean so that they can be healthy, happy and free of diseases. They should be disciplined, punctual, and always be on time without getting late even for a minute to their job where they are working in any profession.
 

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